GCSE Essays

Essays provide a deeper look into topics trending across the environmental and scientific communities. Essays are authored by members of the GCSE community.

The Influence of United States Leadership on Multilateral Climate Decision-Making Processes

September, 2022

Climate change impacts are visibly worsening around the globe and implementing mitigation and adaptation strategies requires unprecedented international cooperation. Historically, decision-makers have worked together to address climate change through multilateral and international treaties that have domestic policy implications for the signatories.

Land and Water Management in the Ethiopian Highlands to Protect Ecosystem Services

July, 2022

As high-income countries around the world increase environmental protections, ecosystem services are deteriorating where most needed - people in low- and middle-income countries rely heavily on ecosystem services. In Africa, human activity is changing water use, as land is put under cultivation and dams developed for energy and irrigation. Most often, ecosystem health is ignored in the course of development.

Mitigating Health Impacts from Climate Change through Managed Retreat

June, 2022

There is no denying that climate change is one of the most potent drivers of human migration. The World Bank’s latest report projects that 216 million people across six world regions will move within their countries by 2050 (Clement et al., 2021).

A Perfect Storm: Climate Change, Biodiversity Loss, Global Water Scarcity

May, 2022

Almost all environmental and economic indicators projecting our world’s future show that we are headed towards a perfect storm by mid-century. This bleak outlook is the result of increasing global impacts of climate change, the distinct probability of a massive extinction of species, and a world without adequate freshwater resources to sustain life.

Saving Nature with Nature

April, 2022

Ecosystem services are the gifts from nature that keep on giving. Coupled with the mobilization of global actions at scale, the combination can disrupt the current destabilization of the Earth’s climate system. This level of unprecedented actions is imperative to curb the staggering loss of biodiversity and to determine pathways to recover and restore what’s already been lost.

Protecting the Biosphere: Science Diplomacy in Action to Combat Plastic Pollution

March, 2022

Demonstrating that global consensus is achievable most especially when science is engaged in the process, 175 nations agreed to determine a legally-enforcing treaty to manage plastic pollution to enter into force by 2026. Likened to the Montreal Protocol as a swift effort by nations in science diplomacy, the End Plastic Pollution resolution requires concrete global action to mitigate plastic pollution by nations.

Applied Solutions Network for Actionable Science

February, 2022

The Global Council for Science and the Environment (GCSE) has relaunched Applied Solutions. Started in 2008, Applied Solutions was founded to promote collaboration between scientists and local government officials to improve environmental outcomes. In 2019, Applied Solutions officially became GCSE Applied Solutions.

Engaging the Global Environment Outlook to Advance Evidence-Informed Decision Making

January, 2022

The sixth edition of the Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6) was published in 2019 and is the first of this UNEP flagship series to delve deeply into examining the effectiveness of environmental policies. At the request of the Member States and stakeholders involved in the High-level Intergovernmental and Stakeholder Advisory Group (HLG), the scientists and experts who compiled GEO-6 examined 25 case studies of environmental policies and reviewed more than a dozen key environmental indicators to draw some lessons on which types of environmental policies are typically the most effective.

COP26 Retrospective from GCSE Science Delegates from Higher Education Institutions and Local Governments

December, 2021

"Let all disciplines be involved in issues of climate education and sustainability... whether it's drama, education, or sociology. Let it be mainstreamed." - Dr. Michael Nkuba, Post Doctorate Researcher, University of Botswana

Engaging Diverse Knowledge Systems for Sustained Impact

November, 2021

Collaborations and partnerships are commonplace in science and in environmental decision-making because we understand clearly that by working together, we are better positioned to address complex societal problems. Building on science-based knowledge from a long and strong foundation of reductionist approaches, we now frequently embrace more holistic and participatory methodologies, which are praised as more equitable, inclusive, and democratic.

Moving People Only Scratches the Surface of Purposeful Managed Retreat

October, 2021

The Global Council on Science and the Environment (GCSE), the MITRE Corporation, and the New America Foundation’s Future of Land and Housing Program invite you to join the GCSE Learning Collaborative on Managed Retreat to launch in Spring 2022.   

COP26: Seize the Moment

September, 2021

Four years ago, Dr. Thomas Lovejoy and Frank Sesno, both Board Directors of the Global Council for Science and the Environment (GCSE), asked Harrison Watson, now a Ph.D. student at Princeton University studying carbon and nutrient cycling, why he likes science so much.

Strengthening Our Resilience to Environmental Change is a National Security Imperative

July, 2021

The accelerating pace of environmental change has given rise to a challenging array of domestic and global scenarios with high potential to destabilize domestic security and geopolitical equilibrium, threatening U.S.

South Asia and Climate Change – Adapting to a Troubling Future

June, 2021

While most of the world’s attention is focused on the Paris Climate Agreement’s mandate, requiring developed countries to reduce their carbon footprint, the developing regions are faced with a stark reality in the not too distant future. Collectively, developing countries will bear the greatest burden of confronting the serious impacts of climate change.   

Tipping Cascades for Climate Solutions: A New Paradigm?

May, 2021

thresh·old /ˈTHreSHˌ(h)ōld/ n: the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for a certain reaction, phenomenon, result, or condition to occur or be manifested. -Oxford English Dictionary